Intimate partner violence (IPV) is domestic violence by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner, and the violence may be mutual, in which case the relationship may be described as a violent relationship.
The most common but less injurious form of intimate partner violence is "situational couple violence" (also known as "situational violence"), which is conducted by individuals of both genders nearly equally, Intimate partner violence occurs between two people in an intimate relationship.It may occur between heterosexual or homosexual couples and victims can be male or female.Couples may be dating, cohabiting or married and violence can occur in or outside of the home.Women are more likely to act violently in retaliation or self-defense one time and with less violence than that by men while men are more likely to commit long-term cycles of abuse.As a result, the issue is not solely about violence against women, but about "violent people" or "violent couples." It also led to further research to better understand the situations within violent homes.
A 2008 review published in journal of Violence and Victims found that despite less serious altercation or violence was equal among both genders, more serious and violent abuse was perpetrated by men.
It was also found that women's physical violence was more likely motivated by self-defense or fear while men's was motivated by control.
A 2011 systematic review from the journal of Trauma Violence Abuse also found that the common motives for female on male domestic violence were anger, a need for attention, or as a response to their partner's own violence.
Another 2011 review published in the journal of Aggression and Violent behavior found differences in the methods of abuse employed by men and women, suggesting that men were more likely to "beat up, choke or strangle" their partners, while women were more likely to "throw something at their partner, slap, kick, bite, punch, or hit with an object".
However researchers like Michael S Kimmel have criticized CTS methdology in assessing relations between gender and domestic violence.
He argues that CTS excludes two important facets in gender violence; conflict-motivated aggression and control motivated aggression.